Sunday, July 27, 2014

1850-1920 PETROZAVODSK (KARELIA): THE JEWISH COMMUNITY

PETROZAVODSK (KARELIA): THE JEWISH COMMUNITY
(“History of the Jewish Community”  by David Gendelev) 


The article, in Russian, offers the  following information:

In the Petrozavodsk battalion:
Lower Ranks:
In 1850--Shimel Motdey/Motney (ITTO??)
     1852—Davyd Edvabny, Burke Tsilman, Movsha Mrus

Others (in combatant command):
Fraim Kukva, Abram Rozhen, Iosel Git, Chaim Berman

Those from Pskov battalion military cantonments : Abram Vayvilovichu, Shmuyle Leibowitz

Crimean War (1853-56)---Participants who received Bronze medals:
Zelman Benkovsky, Abram Vayvilovich, Hirsch Panper, SchimelMotdey?Motney (ITTO)

In addition:
Movsha Svechnikov (non-comissioned officer), Hirsch/Girsha Masa, Leiser/Leyzer Finkelstein, Chaim Meselya, Mazer Gradusa, Iosel Shvartsman, Leyby/Leiba Rybkin, Abram Shokhtov, Ovsey Shmoylovich

By 1865 Jews and their families from the Pale of Settlement were permitted to live as artisans in Petrozavodsk as well as in other locations in Russia. They were given temporary resident passports only after submitting proof of their position as master or journeyman of their profession.

1860’s-1870’s:
Tailors:
Leyba Izrailevich Alshits (fr. Orsha)—his son, Yakov Alshits, became an assistant attorney in Petrozavodsk district court
Moses Katz (fr. Nevel)---his sons, Solomon, became a tailor; and David became a watchmaker
Reuben Levin (fr. Borisov)
Moses Pivovarov/Brewers (fr. Dinaburg)
Jacob Rubashkin (fr. Polotsk)

Later:
            From Vilna--
Watchmakers:
Chaim Rubin

Tailors:
Sholom Averbukh
Shmul Livshits


Locksmith:
Shavel Dyner

            From Polotsk--
Hatter:
Peysakh Pyatov
           
            From Minsk  Province—
Tailors:
Israel Bernstein/Berenstein
Abram Rothkowitz

            From Rezhitsa--
Blacksmiths:
Peysakh Blekhman/Blechman,
Lipman Davydov

            From Kovno Province:
Zalman Troc/Trok

            From Surozh:
Shoemaker:
Jacob/Yakov Roskin---his son, Mendel Yakova Roskin, became a popular photographer

Other Names:
Shmulev Boerman, Hersh Katz
 Soldiers retired from the Petrozavodsk battalion:
Aaron Wolfe rutkowski, Israel Messel, Hirsch Livshits, Samuel Monat, Leib Yablonsky his son, Lazarus, a typesetter, became known as one of the organizers of the first Social Democratic Party in 1906-07), Parissky (non-commissioned officer)

Burghers:
Nohim/Nakhim Alperovich, Enoch Benevich, Hirsch/Girsh Waterberg/Vatenberg, Ilya Vendrov, Shmulev Gleaner/Gliner, Burke Goldman (or Holtzman/Goltsman), Samuel Hosmer/Gosmer, Abram Zlatkin, Wolf Kahn, Nason Levin, Shmuel Livshits, Abram Manerberger, Yevsey Markovski, Gersh Mas, Chaim Messel, Manes Moyzel, Shimel Motdey/ ITTO, Zelman Pariysky, Iosif Porokhovnikov, Mordko Rubin, Girsh/Hirsh Rudkovsky, Aron Rybak/Fisher,  David Teichert/Teykhert, Isaac/Ayzik Shibershteyn (Shebershteyn), Chaim Spielberg, David Edvabny (Jedwabne &  Gedvabny)

1879-1881 (1882)
Reuben/Ruvim Abramovich Moskovsky—b. Rezhitsk, Vitebsk, retired soldier (private in the 63 infantry, Suzdal regiment), wounded in 1877 in Plevna,  teacher, bookbinder

1883
Ilya Solomonovich Levin (arrived fr. St. Petersburg), came from Vilna province--printer

Early 1900’s:

Solomon (Savely) Hazen (son of a watchmaker, Erukhimov Hazen)
Raphael Katz (b. 1871 & d. 1918), merchant---chosen as rabbi,—(his son, Gregory,[b. 1896]—attended Petrograd University)
Simon Berkovich Epstein
Isaak Messel
Iosif Meshel/Mechelen—merchant trader
Zoruh Parijskij/Pariysky
Zalman Kagan—very wealthy

            1901—elected to the city council--
Nakhim Olbris –watchmaker
Israel Bernstein (or Berenshtein)
Abram Karpovich

The Petrozavodsk Jewish community existed until 1920.