Tuesday, August 1, 2017

1940 HOLOCAUST: MALSCH GERMANY

1940 HOLOCAUST: MALSCH GERMANY
(‘End of Jewish Life in Malsch”)

This German-language article is based on the 2016 Josef Bechler speech commemorating the 1940 end of Jewish life in in Malsch.

The Steven Spielberg film, “Deportation of the last Jews of Bruchsal…”, mentioned in the article, is available at the USHMM.


Description:
Title onscreen: Bruchsal Judenfrei! Die letzten Juden verlassen Bruchsal, 18 Oktober 1940 [Bruchsal free of Jews! The last Jews leave Bruchsal, October 18, 1940] A line of Jews, wearing warm clothing and carrying suitcases and bags, files past the camera. They are guarded by uniformed Germans, including police. Many people in civilian clothes stand in the background, watching the deportation. Uniformed Germans follow behind the last of the Jews. The last Jews of Bruchsal were deported to Gurs in France in October 1940
https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1004624


A copy of a letter, dated 30 December 1940, heralded the expulsion of the last 19 Jews living in Malsch. It listed the nineteen names, including their birthdates & birthplaces is included. The last line of the letter read: “The municipality of Malsch has thus been free of Jews since 22 October 1940”.
There i/images include:
Julius Dreifuss, his home,
Fanny Maier,
Gurs Camp, in France (where the 19 Malscher Jews were deported to), 
Headstones for the 6 who died in Gurs (Anna Stern, Nanette Maier, Leopold Stern, Sophie Maier, __________, Salomon Stern),
 “Stumbling blocks” laid in Malsch in memory (Samuel Maier, Fried Maier),
List of food confiscated from the Loeb Maier house (food was given to the poorhouse of the community hospital),
Directory of valuables from the homes of Jewish citizens (Ludwig Dreifuss, Leopold Stern, Samuel Maier, Fanny Maier, Lob & Sara Berta Maier, Max & Sofia Maier, ___& Emilie Stern, Betty Dreifuss Nanette Maier, Max & ____ Maier, Sigmund & Klara Maier, Albert & Anna Stern)
Inventory of Jewish homes that was auctioned off,
Home of Emilie Stern,
Memorial to deported Jews in Neckarzimmern,
Plaque at Malscher Synagogue
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GURS INTERNMENT CAMP

         Oral Histories (USHMM):
     MAX KARL LIEBMANN


     BEATRICE STERN PAPPENHEIMER

         Videos: